One of the purposes of this blog is to draw attention to exceptional musicians – blues or otherwise – who for some reason, often the passage of time, have been virtually forgotten.

My most recent “discovery” is Lee Cooper, not the British jeans maker, but an electric session guitarist plying his wares in Chicago in the early 1950s.

I stumbled upon Cooper while preparing a How Blues Evolved broadcast for Iowa’s Code Zero Radio this week.
Washboard Sam in 1941

Listening to a Washboard Sam track from around 1952, amusingly titled “Diggin’ My Potatoes”, I was struck by the remarkable electric guitar driving the record. Take a listen to see what I mean.

“Diggin’ My Potatoes”, incidentally, is a euphemism for some interloper getting stuck into Sam’s woman. Also on the record are Memphis Slim and Big Bill Broonzy, with whom Lee Cooper would also become a regular session lead guitarist.

Cooper’s cutting-edge licks would bring modernity to Bill’s old-school acoustic strumming. So, who was the unsung and mysterious Lee Cooper? No photographs seem to exist but I’ve taken the liberty of accessing research by broadcaster Steve Franz, taken from magazine interviews with the Mississippi blues pianist Eddie Boyd (1914 – 1994), around 1971.

It seems Lee Cooper was born Echford Cooper in Lexington, Mississippi, about 1924. He next pops up in 1945, in the mainly African-American weekly, the Chicago Defender, as guitarist with a local jazz group called the Hi Di Ho Boys. Apparently, Cooper had replaced the group’s founder, Lefty Bates, who had gone into the US Army during WW2.

Eddie Boyd (above) said Cooper was the best guitarist he hired

Bates, too, would become a top blues session guitarist, playing rhythm for the likes of Buddy Guy and Jimmy Reed.

According to Eddie Boyd, who had a reputation for hiring the only best blues guitarists for his band, Lee Cooper was the best guitarist he ever employed.

Well-educated, Cooper could read music and pick up just about anything without rehearsing. “He could play anything playable”, said Boyd: from the jazz of Charlie Parker to the blues of John Lee Hooker. Indeed, Lee Cooper worked at one time as the lead guitarist for Howlin’ Wolf and was also a regular session player for Jimmy Witherspoon and influential blues harmonica player, Big Walter Horton.

Eddie Boyd also revealed that Lee Cooper lost an eye during an experiment while studying chemistry at college and was a heavy drinker. It was the booze, Eddie said, that led to the demise of Cooper’s music career and early death, around 1966, aged 42.

In a remarkable twist, the blues broadcaster Steve Franz is convinced Lee Cooper’s son, also called Echford Cooper and born in 1965, was murdered in April 2011, in Chicago, during a robbery he was partaking in that went wrong.
To find out more about the fascinating history of this great music we call the blues, why not invest (for a song) in my pictorial blues eBooks, How Blues Evolved?How Blues Evolved Kindle Cover 6 Volume One takes you up to 1895 while Volume Two continues the blues story. We end at the second Chicago blues era of the 1950s, the period of Muddy Waters, Buddy Guy and, for that matter, Eddie Boyd and Lee Cooper. This era is not covered because I felt American blues in the 1950s is too well documented to need yet another book. It’s what went on before then that nobody knows about. I invite you to explore these times by following the links below

Available in USA on 
Available in UK on

America's Gift Book Cover-4Now in hardcopy 

Both How Blues Evolved eBooks are now combined and substantially added to in AMERICA’S Gift, a 390 page hard-copy book available at Amazon Books.